A Sovereign Libyan State: Is it Possible?

On March 21st-22nd, 2016, Tunis will host a meeting, aimed at resolving the Liberian crisis, which will be attended by the foreign ministers of Libya's neighboring countries.

Libya: Chaos

The origin of the existing chaos and civil war in Libya is the “Arab Spring” that occurred in the country about five years ago. Riots in Benghazi (initially there were about 500 demonstrators) suspiciously quickly escalated into an armed conflict with the army, and the number of demonstrators increased tenfold in just a few days.
The NATO alliance interfered in the conflict as the anti-imperialist and pan-Arabist position of Gaddafi was a long-standing obstacle for the Americans.
The so-called ”Arab Spring” is a very old plan of the Western powers that appeared immediately after the Second World War. NATO had three main enemies: the Soviet Union, the Islamic world, and China. The Western powers destroyed the Soviet Union, and then began to fight against Muslims in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Libya, Bosnia, and Nigeria. Everything that happened in these countries was no accident, and there was no “Arab spring”, revolution, or democracy.  According to Ahmed Gaddafi, the brother of Muammar Gaddafi: the West wants to control the region, and hides this ambition with the concept of democracy.

On March 19th, after the UN Security Council adopted a special resolution on setting up a no-fly zone in Libya, the alliance member-states (particularly, the French President Nicolas Sarkozy, who was actively against the Gaddafi regime and supported the Libyan rebels) began to attack Gaddafi's forces.

Eight months later, the rebels captured Gaddafi, who had ruled the country for over thirty years, and, after prolonged torture in the most ruthless and inhumane way, killed him.
After the ousting of Muammar Gaddafi's government in October 2011, two governments formed in Libya: 1) one in the city of Tobruk, 2) the Islamists General National Congress in Tripoli. The removal of Gaddafi, which was staged under democratic slogans, marked the beginning of a bloody civil war and five-years of unregulated political instability, transforming Libya into a country with different independent public entities, many of which have their own Islamist ideology. This political instability allowed Islamists to enormously strengthen their position in the region; Libya gradually became one of the largest strongholds of the Islamic State and Al Qaeda in North Africa.

A Sovereign Libyan State: Is it Possible?

In the coming decades, Libya will not be able to overcome the civil war and become united and sovereign once again. None of the countries or international forces have the strength nor desire to rebuild the Libyan state.
The United States, at the same time, considers the chaos as a necessary permanent state for the Middle East, which does not need to eliminate the chaos, but should modulate it instead (“strategy of operated chaos”).