Balkanization of the Caribbean, collapse of Haiti and nationalism in the Dominican Republic

31.05.2019
The collapse of Haiti, the displacement of its inhabitants to the Dominican side could result in the balkanization of the Caribbean, hurting all  America

The island of Santo Domingo or Hispaniola, after Cuba, is the largest island in the Caribbean and the most populated, shared by 2 countries of different culture, religion and language, which have fought against each other for the possession of the same. A similar situation, to the one that occurred in the former Yugoslavia.

Haiti, is the first black republic of the world, after defeating the troops of Napoleon Bonaparte. They’re proud of their race and origin.

The Dominicans love and defend their land against all foreign threats. In Hispaniola was the first rebellion of the natives , led by Cacique Enriquillo (1519) , and the first rebellion of Afro-descendant slaves, led by Sebastián Lemba (1532).

They successfully confronted the English expedition (1655) and defeated the French (1808) , to return to the Spanish Empire, after having been ceded by the latter.

They gain independence by dislodging the Spaniards (1822),  to once again throw the Spaniards out of their territory (18 65), and avoid annexation to the United States (1871). Years later, they become the only country in the world , which faces 3 interventions from the United States: 1904, 1916-1924 and 1965.

With Haiti it has always been a constant battle since when they were a French colony. They entered the territory with the genocide of Neiba in 1797 , and "degüello de Moca" in 1805. Defeating its expansionist pretensions in several bloody battles from 1844 to 1855.

In 1994 the fear of Haiti resurfaced with the candidacy of José Francisco Peña Gómez, Dominican son of Haitians, which was confronted by personalities , such as Consuelo Despradel, Leopoldo Espaillat Nanita and Fuerza Nacional Progresista (FNP) led by Marino Vinicio Castillo (Vincho), which has turned "nationalism" as a flag and distinctive sign. With the death of Peña Gómez in 1998, these misgivings were momentarily forgotten.

With the rise of Danilo Medina to the Presidency (2012), the Dominicans "discovered" they have been invaded by their Haitian neighbors, in a gradual and gradual manner, from the moment in which Leonel Fernández (1996) , and Hipólito Mejía (2000) )  were permissive towards these, due to acquired commitments with the international "progressive sectors" to unify the island into a "binational state".

The overflowing immigration of Haitians is promoted insistently by agents paid from abroad, promoting favorable demands before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (CoIDH) . While nationalism is fueled by Leonel Fernandez, dealing with it to try and return to power once more.

Its peak was during the broadcast of judgments 168/13 and 256/14 of the Constitutional Court, which rejects granting nationality to Haitians born in its territory and separates from the Inter-American Court of Human Rights CoIDH . And the enactment of laws favorable to immigrants, especially 169-14.

From these facts, nationalist born groups emerge: "The children of Duarte" and "Dominican Union", with an impact on social networks, leading small but noisy protests. The first starring the sound intervention of October 16, 2014 , at the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo (UASD) , where it was intended unusual tribute to Jean Jacques Dessalines. In this event, Luis Acosta Moreta (El Gallo) , an ally of the ruling party , also broke in.

Over time , this movement lost its influence given its presumed links with Vincho Castillo (unconditional ally of Leonel Fernández) and becoming the Dominican Nationalist Party (PND).

While the latter, promoted "plebiscite", for which they  Drafted Law, with the misfortune to do so via Senator Felix Bautista, involved in corruption cases (Odebrecht, etc) and sanctioned by the United States, losing influence automatically .

To fill this void , the movements emerge : " We are not afraid" , headed by the communicator Manny Solano and the General in reserve, Juan Tomás Taveras Rodríguez, with great display on social networks and the media.

"Nationalist Coordination Table ", previously Civic Action National Patriotic Movement, led by attorney Robert Cabral, and the businessman Damaso Adames, with great activism in social networks, media, and noisy demonstrations  in the emblematic Puerta del Conde de Santo Domingo.

"Old Dominican Order" , with timid presence in social networks , with messages of patriotic content and that roars like an organized force, with paramilitary characteristics. The public appearance of this movement has been scandal in all means of national and international media, with pronouncements from "progressive" to be persecuted and imprisoned.

This and all other nationalist movements have "affiliates" in the Dominican communities abroad, especially the United States.

What Could Happen...

Historically the Dominican people, has surprised the world. They are kind, cheerful and hospitable people. Tourism is our main source of foreign currency, because they always kindly welcome all visitors , no matter if in the past they were "enemies". They are the creators of musical rhythms , like merengue, son and bachata.

But when it comes to preserving their small country, they have given way to the front, facing great imperial powers in a determined and gallant manner. Hence the qualifiers of the "David of the Caribbean" & Spartans of the Americas.

The Haitians don’t get left behind: by conquering their independence, they historically had a imperialist vocation, especially in the island of La Hispaniola.

Dominicans feel in danger: The advance of Haitian immigration and mining concessions, displace them from their territory and subvert their culture . These nationalist movements, could be the tip of the iceberg, that unleashes similar crises like those in Rwanda and Yugoslavia, these just a few miles from US territory, a serious problem of national security they cannot ignore.