Hudaydah at the Brink of a Humanitarian Catastrophe
For more than three consecutive years, impoverished Yemen has been locked and subjected to an imposed Saudi aggressive war that has killed nearly 10,000 people and pushed millions to the brink of starvation. The Red Sea city of Hudaydah, which is home to 600,000 people and the entry point for the vast aids is now under the mercy of a new assault.
The Saudi-led Coalition warplanes and warships began bombarding Houthi the Red sea port city of Hudaydah, the key entry of food, medicines and humanitarian aids.
An alliance of Yemeni forces supporting the internationally recognised government is leading the ground assault.
For the last three years, the Saudi-led coalition has committed various human rights violations and inhumane atrocities. Hudaydah offensive is expected to leave almost 8 million Yemenis without food, fuel and other vital supplies. Yemen's health system has increasingly collapsed, while the world's largest cholera outbreak has killed thousands, according to the UN.
The hospitals are overwhelmed by malnutrition and cholera’s cases and they are desperately due to the lack of medical aids, displacement of the medics and the electricity shortage. So far, at least 8.4 million Yemenis are at risk of starvation and in need of humanitarian assistance. Severe acute malnutrition is threatening the lives of almost 400,000 children under the age of five.
Meanwhile, Hudaydah assault, essentially backed by UAE, threatens to push these people off the brink of a humanitarian disaster. The aggressive war was waged in March 2015, when Saudi Arabia and its eight allies; backed by the US, UK, and France, launched air strikes against Yemen.
Saudis accuse Iran of backing the Houthis with weapons and logistical support, a Yemeni resistance movement against the Saudi-led coalition offensives, a false accusation that Iran has frequently denied. Aid organisations have said that the new assault may exacerbate an already catastrophic humanitarian situation in the ravaged devastated country and could cost up to 250,000 lives.
Indeed, Hudaydah has been regarded as Yemen's fourth-largest city and a major economic dry cargo imports. Its strategic location has given it great significance, as it is located 140km west of the capital Sanaa. To the north is the Ras Isa oil terminal, which served the Marib oilfields and was the main export terminal and the nearby port of Saleef. To the east is the fertile Tihama plain, the most important agricultural region in Yemen. To the west, the Red Sea and major international shipping lanes that are used to trade goods between Europe, Asia and Africa through the Suez Canal.