The Venezuelan "caucus"
Since 1878, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela has been an oil producer. Between 1929 and 1950, it was the largest exporter in the world market. In 1960 the Republic promoted the Organization of Petroleum Producing Countries (OPEC), to maintain its leadership in the sector and protect its interests.
The Venezuelan oil industry has generated billions of dollars, which boosted the country's urban development during the administrations General Marcos Pérez Jiménez (1952-1958), Carlos Andrés Pérez (1974-1979), Rafael Caldera (1969- 1974, 1994-1999).
However, much of these riches were squandered on corruption, with the abuses of transnational oil companies, clandestine extraction of fuels, concessions for bribery, and entrenched mafias with the euphemism of meritocracy, in Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PDVSA).
This brought the emergence of a minor, but powerful oligarchy, together with prosperous indviduals of the middle class, composed of professionals, technicians and skilled workers, who lend their knowledge to the oil industry. As well as, Spanish, Portuguese and Italian immigrants, who took advantage of the oil boom of the "Saudi Venezuela", installing small and large industries, stores, etc.
Classes that imposed their own rules of the game, to the detriment of the immense majority of the poor.
This oligarchy, together with this middle class, has nothing to envy to its peers, the great industrialized countries, for its high level of education and purchasing power. This class, treat their illnesses, vacation, and do university studies in the United States, being Florida its favorite place, for the climate and proximity.
However, from 1999, with the rise of Hugo Chávez Frías to the Presidency, with his discourse of redemption, in favor of impoverished majorities, causes that those sectors opted to permanently reside in the United States. It transformed into a Massive process as of 2003, as a result of the dismissal of the leadership and workers of PDVSA, following the coup attempt and the 2002 oil strike, to force the fall of President Chávez.
Doral, the new Venezuela
Right in 2003, it becomes one of the 34 municipalities of the county of Miami, Dade, electing Mayor and councilmen. Evolving, from the resort of its beginnings, in residence and operational center of these Venezuelans where they constitute the majority, with 20.6% of its population, according to the 2010 census. Managing 70% of its economy, as owners of real estate and means of production, while with their votes, means and money, they impose their own local authorities and decisively influence in the rest of the half million of Venezuelans living in Florida, in the election of Governor and Senator.
The oligarchy, in all parts of the world, has always had "class consciousness". Constitute "caucus" in a short time, displacing the other Hispanic minorities, basically constituted by immigrants of low schooling and few incomes, that by their precarious conditions, are manipulable.
To these attributes of the "Venezuelan caucus", we add, the accumulated experience, of many years, influencing the destinies of their own country, whether imposing or overthrowing rulers.
They influence the international politics of the United States and are determinants in the election of the President, as reflected in 2016 and 2018, voting "en bloc" in favor of the candidates of the Republican Party.