Zbignew Brzezinski: Death of Demiurge
Zbignew Brzezinski is dead. A prominent globalist and atlantist left this world on May 27, 2017. The death was first reported by his daughter, the famous American TV host Mika Brzezinski. In the subsequent obituaries, despite the different ideological colors, most noted the outstanding intellectual abilities of the deceased, his role as adviser to President Carter from 1977 to 1981, and also his significant contribution to the study of international relations. However, Brzezinski was not just a talented political scientist or statesman. He was one of the architects of the existing world order in all its aspects: from influential globalist structures to international terrorism, from the concept of "totalitarianism" drilled into the mind of every graduate of political science faculties to the American-Chinese bloc that put an end to the Soviet project. Brzezinski went from being a soldier to one of the generals of the Cold War, won by the United States.
Geopolitics as Destiny
Zbignew Brzezinski was a consistent Atlanticist. The geopolitical choice in favor of the Powers of the Sea, Great Britain, and later the USA became the main thing in the fate of this son of Poland. As an atlantist, he was well aware that the main threat to the US world domination plans was the continental power of Russia, then the Soviet one. Russia confrontation has become the meaning of his life. And even after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the collapse of communism, Brzezinski fiercely opposed all imperial attempts at Moscow. At the same time, Brzezinski was a consistent liberal in the sense that, in contrast to realists in international relations, he placed the factor of ideology high, believed in the necessity of promoting liberal-democratic values throughout the world and believed in a globalist utopia. Brzezinski merged a deep understanding of the geopolitics (the brightest "geopolitical" work - the Great Chessboard ") and the adherence to the liberal approach in international relations, Russia in this sense was for him an ideal enemy, since her opposition to the West was not only caused geopolitically, but quite often was also painted in ideological colors. When Brzezinski said that he really loved Russia, he did not lie: in his concepts, he left a place for it, but it must have been another Russia, with another territorial configuration and ideological (liberal one) orientation.
Grandfather of Terror
In the framework of the doctrine of Russia's confrontation during the Afghan war, Brzezinski made a all his best to resurrect militant Islamism from ashes and turn it against the Soviets. He met personally with their leaders, including Saudi billionaire Osama bin Laden, and persuaded President Carter to support the mujahideen in Afghanistan. The process launched by Brzezinski led to the emergence of a new phenomenon in the Islamic world - global terrorism. American-educated Islamists have become a new factor in international relations, surpassing the left and nationalist terrorists of the 1970s in all respects. Later, when the US itself collided with this enemy, Brzezinski stated that he did not regret the choice made at the turn of the 1980s. The Islamists crushed the main geopolitical and ideological enemy of the United States - Soviet Russia, although they themselves posed a threat, but less dangerous from his point of view.
The father of Trilateral
Brzezinski was one of those who stood at the origins of the Trilateral Commission. Together with David Rockefeller in 1973, he became one of the founders of the globalist institute, whose goal was to unite the political and economic elites of the United States, Europe and Japan. Of course, the immediate goal was to strengthen ties between the centers of pro-American pole (the so called “ Free World”) of the bipolar world system. But neither Brzezinski himself nor Rockefeller concealed that the ultimate goal is a united world under the control of the global elite. In his 1970s work “Between Two Ages: America's Role in the Technetronic Era?, Brzezinski justified the need to create such centers of globalreconciliation and governance. From 1973 to 1976 he was the chairman of the Trilateral Commission. This well-known political scientist joined also both the New York Council for International Relations (CFR) and the Bilderberg Club.
The theory of totalitarianism
Together with another American political scientist Karl Friedrich Brzezinski promoted the popularization of the theory of "totalitarianism." Developing the ideas of Hannah Arend, who united the Nazi and communist regimes in one category, Brzezinski and Friedrich nonetheless challenged Arend's thesis that totalitarian regimes are opposite in their origins to traditional autocracies. For Brzezinski, totalitarianism is one of the forms of autocracy that is characteristic of the industrial age. Thus, Soviet totalitarianism for him was not something new, alien to the history of Russia, but a continuation of the historical autocratic statehood. On the other hand, this position demonstrates the liberal rigorism of Brzezinski who essentially introduced the dichotomic classification "democratic regimes against all others".
Everything that was not a liberal democracy in this system, which, despite criticism, was in many aspects taken for granted by common western thinking, was placed in one category with fascism and therefore was ostracized.
One of the main foreign policy successes of Brzezinski was the continuation of the policy of rapprochement with China, started even under Henry Kissinger. As a result, diplomatic relations were established between the US and China and the PRC became a de facto ally of the United States in the Cold War against the USSR. In the case of China, Brzezinski preferred to follow geopolitical logic - as a power of Rimland, China could be both Atlantist and Eurasian, but unlike Russia it did not control the significant territories of the Eurasian continent, primarily the Heartland. Strangulation of the USSR due to control of the coastal zone of Eurasia, of which China was a part was the traditional strategy of the Atlantists in relation to Heartland. Later in the 2000s, Brzezinski spoke of the "Big Two" - a world system dominated by the two powers - the US and China - as a welcome alternative to the current instability. It is (but not only) thanks to Brzezinski that today we live in a world where much depends on the relations of the USA and the PRC. The two winners and allies in former inevitably come to global concurrency just like the Atlanticist Anglo-American allies and the USSSR after the WWII.
Brzezinski's latest contribution to world politics was Obama's presidency. Geopolitician was an adviser to the dark skinned presidential candidate, and after the election campaign Brzezinski was sometimes called "the gray cardinal of Obama." It looks like the last definitely tried to comply with the recommendations of an elderly political scientist, expressed by him in the book "Second chance: Three presidents and the crisis of the American superpower”. In particular, the "Arab spring" could well be explained by the US attempts to adopt the concept of "global democratic awakening" by Brzezinski. The United States has tried to reorient forces in the Arab world that are dissatisfied with the deficit of democracy in their countries to the US and its liberal ideals, although this deficit was often organized by pro-American regimes. In relation to Russia in this work, Brzezinski proposed to apply the strategy of engagement, integration into Western projects, which became the basis of the famous "reset". But something went wrong.
The Russian reunification with the Crimea was a turning point, when everyone realized that there would be no real engagementn the near future. The Arab spring ended with a new surge of terror. Islamic terrorists have always been one of the main beneficiaries of Brzezinski's ideas. Trump’s rise to power supposedly ruined the old man. By his own admission, he did not believe inn it. China, despite the meeting between Trump and Xi Jinping organized by his friend and opponent Henry Kissinger is more of a competitor than a partner in the division of the world. Brzezinski died, leaving the world he created in the weakened condition.
Death of thought
With his death, a whole era and style of thinking goes away. No. Russophobia and the geopolitical approach will continue to be present for a long time in American foreign policy. It's about something else. In the second half of the 20th century, at least as what concerned foreign policy European immigrants thought on behalf of Americans: either people born in Europe and emigrated to the United States, like Kissinger or Morgenthau, or Brzezinski himself, or with rare but important exceptions such as Samuel Huntington- they were the representatives of the American Jewish diaspora- the children of emigrants from Europe, brought up in European culture. This applies to neoconservatives, the adherents of the German Jew Leo Strauss. Even Francis Fukuyama as Fukuyama we all know and his “End of History” could not exist without the influence of Strauss's student Alan Bloom. In other words, the intellectual success of the old, not Americanized Europe, paradoxically served the US success. With the departure of such dinosaurs as Brzezinski and Kissinger, this resource will exhaust itself. The older generation of neocons also dies out, and the younger one has learned from them only to love Israel and to hate Russia, but not to think. Will America be able to start thinking with its own mind after the departure of its European intellectual foreign policy elite is a big question.