Contemporary Chinese political scientists derive their doctrine of multipolarity from the Cold War era, and in particular the five principles of peaceful coexistence which formed the basis of the 1954 treaty with India.
China is probably not one of the first countries that comes to mind when thinking of natural friends of the South. But she ought to be, for both China and the South, as ‘land’ civilizations (rooted in stable tradition, farming, a sacred order,
As a Chinaman born in the United States, I find myself able to speak to both places and neither. By accidents of fortune, however – or of providence, rather – I have identified more with China even as I have lived my whole life in the West.
For millennia imperial China was regarded by its denizens and as the centre of the world, and the emperor as the nexus between the Earthly and the Divine.