Norwegian sociologist, mathematician, and the principal founder of the discipline of peace and conflict studies Johan Galtung’s model of peace builds on the dichotomy between what he calls ‘war journalism’ and a ‘peace journalism’ approach.
Just after, the Soviet Union’s disintegration, US owned unipolarity over the world. Then, US engage itself in Asian conflicts.
As stated by Kimberly Aamadeo in the Balance Magazine in August 2018, the Afghanistan War that began in 2001 has cost $1.07 trillion. The Bush administration launched it in response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks by al-Qaida.
There is a very famous saying in international relations according to Realist School of thought, “There is no concept of morality in international relations. Primary objective of every state is to maximize its own national interests”.
After seeing the blood bathing by seventeen years of war in Afghanistan and its spillover effects on the entire region, the regional players yearn for a peaceful settlement of this burning issue.