Macron vows to tighten media control because 'fake news threatens democracy'
France's media watchdog will be given broader powers in 2018 to combat the "fake news" phenomenon which threatens democracy, President Emmanuel Macron promised during a New Year’s address to the press corps Wednesday.
"I have decided that we will change our legal system to protect [our] democratic life from this ‘fake news," Macron said at the Elysee Palace in Paris. "During the election period, on the internet, content will no longer have exactly the same rules," he added.
Macron described ‘fake news’ as a threat to democracy due to it “fostering doubt and forging alternative realities which allows people to say that the media and politicians are always more or less deceptive.”
"If we want to protect liberal democracies, we must have strong legislation,” the French president said.
The new law will see the role of France's media watchdog, CAS, expanded in order to deal with attempts to destabilize the situation in the country by broadcasters “controlled or influenced by foreign states,” he said. CAS will be granted the right to refuse, suspend or cancel agreements with such broadcasters based on their content, including online publications, the president said.
The anti-fake news legislation will target social media in particular, making online platforms more transparent on their sponsored content. It will also allow specific content or entire websites to be taken down should there be violations, the French head of state said, promising the new law will come into force this year.
While Macron didn't mention any names this time, he particularly singled out RT and Sputnik throughout his election campaign and presidency, repeatedly slandering the Russian outlets as “deceitful propaganda” entities and accusing both of spreading “disinformation” about him. He barred RT journalists from his campaign headquarters without a valid reason, and later denied access to the Elysee Palace to a producer of RT's Ruptly video agency. “I have always had an exemplary relationship with foreign journalists, but they have to be real journalists,” Macron told RT France head Xenia Fedorova during a joint news conference with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Versailles in May.
French news outlets, however, are concerned about Macron's push to control the media. In the summer, unions representing journalists from more than 20 outlets, including AFP, BFMTV, Liberation and Le Monde, released statements saying "the new government has chosen to pressure" media outlets.
RT launched its French-language channel, RT France, in mid-December, consistent with it's mandate of shedding light on issues and points of view that have traditionally been ignored by the mainstream media.
"The political situation in France, and especially this new Macron's law that will affect the media, seems to be a chapter of the Orwell's novel. Macron has a policy of double standards: on the one hand, he stands up for the defense of "democracy" (which must imply the co-existence of a multitude of opinions), on the other, he says that "not all words are equal". He establishes a monopoly on the truth. Now the sphere of patriotic reinformation in France (for example, such a site as Égalité et Réconciliation) already suffers from this liberal monopoly on truth. Alain Soral, the head of the Égalité et Réconciliation movement has at this moment more than 30 lawsuits related to publications on the portal of the caricatures of Macron and his patrons. And what will happen next? This is not a liberal democracy, it is the beginning of a liberal dictatorship," - consoders the expert in International Relations Daria Platonova.