The works of Martin Heidegger have recently been met with heightened interest in a number of countries.
Review on Alexander Dugin's book Ethnos and Society
The person and the individual: distinguishing the concepts
Any Political Theory is defined by the paradigms of History being fully dependant of them. So in oreder to understand 4PT cirrectly we need to consider what three basic paradigms are: Pre-Modernity (traditional society) - Modernity (modern society) - Post-Modernity (a kind of post-society or dis-society where all social ties are destroyed)
Aleksandr Dugin, the brain of Vladimir Putin, is a political scientist whose ideas have inspired Russian foreign policy and enamoured nativist ‘alt-right’ elements across Europe.
There’s the liberal political theory, and the second arises as an antithesis - communism and socialism, all the versions of the leftist critique, which we call critical theory. This is left, communist, socialist ideology with all its nuances. The third political theory is overall nationalism or fascism, which attempted to provide a critique of the previous ones, liberalism and communism. All of these three political theories - liberalism, communism, and fascism - were locked in a life and death struggle in the 20th century. First liberalism and communism defeated fascism together, then, as we know, the Cold War began between communism and liberalism. Then in 1991, liberalism defeated communism on a global scale.
The present world financial crisis marks the conclusion of the damage done by the liberal ideology which, having appeared during the epoch of the Western Enlightenment, has for decades dominated most of the planet.