Afghan War and its Psychological Cost


As stated by Kimberly Aamadeo in the Balance Magazine in August 2018, the Afghanistan War that began in 2001 has cost $1.07 trillion. The Bush administration launched it in response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks by al-Qaida.

Will the objective U-Turn of Trump serve Pakistan?


Leo Tolstoy has rightly stated in his illustrious novel War and Peace that “The strongest of all warriors are these two — Time and Patience.” Everywhere in the world, when there is war, the final decision is taken on the table and so is A

Trump’s Letter to Pakistan: Future of Afghanistan


There is a very famous saying in international relations according to Realist School of thought, “There is no concept of morality in international relations. Primary objective of every state is to maximize its own national interests”.