NEW ATLANTIS, THE SECRET ISLAND,
A spectre is haunting Europe and the West – it's the spectre of populism. But what is populism actually?
The interview with french philosopher and historian of ideas Alain De Benoist about the organizer and principal philosopher of Action Française Charles Maurras.
How did you encounter the work of Maurras?
Western liberal totalitarianism: friendly and subordinate fascism
In order to understand Heidegger, we must learn to perform two operations, to which the aforementioned peculiarities of his thinking lead us. In the first place, we must listen attentively to his language. Heidegger thinks not with concepts or categories, but with words.
These are the dying days, counting down soon to the final hours, of the defeated political project of liberalism, inherited from the 19th-century.
There’s the liberal political theory, and the second arises as an antithesis - communism and socialism, all the versions of the leftist critique, which we call critical theory. This is left, communist, socialist ideology with all its nuances. The third political theory is overall nationalism or fascism, which attempted to provide a critique of the previous ones, liberalism and communism. All of these three political theories - liberalism, communism, and fascism - were locked in a life and death struggle in the 20th century. First liberalism and communism defeated fascism together, then, as we know, the Cold War began between communism and liberalism. Then in 1991, liberalism defeated communism on a global scale.