Multipolarity is against hegemony on three levels - first of all strategic, i.e., against the American military domination of the world with American military bases everywhere in the world except for American soil.
The New Nationalism must draw examples from the old, but with a view geared towards a solid future. As such, as the Neo-Eurasianism of today draws from the Eurasianism of Trubetzkoy, the Pan-Slavism of today must draw from the Pan-Slavism of the XIX century, or more specifically, of the Conventions and the viewpoints of all its particular delegates. All of them have a lesson for us, nearly two centuries later.
Russia and Pakistan are facing Economic Challenges. Pakistan is over-burden with 95 Billion US dollars external debt, decline in exports, decline in foreign remittances, as a result facing severe shortage of foreign exchange.
The Prime Ministers of 5 Asian countries: Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka Pakistan y Myanmar got together to make a dream come true after liberating themselves from colonial yoke.
Contemporary Chinese political scientists derive their doctrine of multipolarity from the Cold War era, and in particular the five principles of peaceful coexistence which formed the basis of the 1954 treaty with India.
Needless to say, Khodorkovsky’s Corbiere Trust lobbied heavily to get Congress to pass the Magnitsky Act, which also repeated its defense of Khodorkovsky himself.
At the turn of the millennium, Irani’s President from 1997-2005, Mohammad Khatami, proposed the concept of dialogue of civilizations.